(1902 - 1987)
Natalie Rogers - Expressive Arts
Virginia Axline- Play Therapy
Eugene Gendlin - Focusing Techniques
To provide a safe climate for clients' self-exploration and that they recognize blocks to growth & experience aspects of self that were formerly denied or distorted.
To enable a client to move toward openness, greater trust in self, willingness to be a process, & increased spontaneity and aliveness.
To find meaning in life & to experience life fully.
To become more self directed.
Client is able to become aware of problems and has means to solve them.
Self-direction = Faith is placed in the client's capacity.
Mental health is a congruence (realness)of ideal self real self.
Maladjustment is the result of discrepancy of who one is & who they want to be.
Focus on the present & express feelings.
Developed during the 1940's as a non-directive reaction against psychoanalysis.
Based on a subjective view of human experience, how one places faith, & gives responsibility to the client dealing with personal issues.
Therapeutic core conditions.
Early Emphasis on Reflection of Feelings
Evolution of Person-Centered Methods
Application to Group Counseling
Principles of Expressive Arts Therapy
Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.