Sunday, May 20, 2012


Viktor Frank

(1905 - 1997)


Rollo May

(1909 - 1994)


Irvin Yalom

( 1931 -   )



  • To help people see that they are free.

  • To become aware of their possibilities;

  • To challenge them to know they are responsible for events that they formerly thought were happening to them.

  • To identify the factors that block freedom.



Key Concepts:

  • Approach is experiential and counseling rather than a theoretical model.

  • Stresses core human conditions.

  • Interest is on the now and what one is becoming.

  • Contains a future orientation and stresses self-awareness before action.


    1. Capacity for Self-awareness

    2. Freedom and Responsibility

    3. Striving for Identity and Relationships to Others

    4. Search for Meaning

    5. Anxiety as a Condition of Living

    6. Awareness of Death & Non-being

      Other Techniques:

      • Phases of Existential Counseling

      • Clients appropriate for Existential Counseling

      • Application to Brief Therapy

      • Issues addressed are: freedom & responsibility, isolation & relationships, meaning & meaninglessness,  living & dying




     Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

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