Monday, May 21, 2012



Carl Rogers 

(1902 - 1987)

Natalie Rogers - Expressive Arts

Virginia Axline- Play Therapy

Eugene Gendlin - Focusing Techniques



  • To provide a safe climate for clients' self-exploration and that they recognize blocks to growth & experience aspects of self that were formerly denied or distorted.

  • To enable a client to move toward openness, greater trust in self, willingness to be a process, & increased spontaneity and aliveness.

  • To find meaning in life & to experience life fully.

  • To become more self directed.



    Key Concepts:

    •  Client is able to become aware of problems and has means to solve them.

    • Self-direction = Faith is placed in the client's capacity.

    • Mental health is a congruence (realness)of ideal self  real self.

    • Maladjustment is the result of discrepancy of who one is & who they want to be.

    • Focus on the present & express feelings.




    • Developed during the 1940's as a non-directive reaction against psychoanalysis.

    • Based on a subjective view of human experience, how one places faith, & gives responsibility to the client dealing with personal issues.

    • Therapeutic core conditions. 

    • Person-Centered approach. 

Other Techniques:

Early Emphasis on Reflection of Feelings

Evolution of Person-Centered Methods

Application to Group Counseling

Principles of Expressive Arts Therapy

Motivational Interviewing




  • Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

  • Google Images

  • YouTube


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