Family Systems Therapy
*Family Systems therapy is represented by a variety of theories and approaches, all of which focus on the same relational aspects of human problems.
Alfred Alder - 1st Psychologist of Modern Era to do Family Therapy
(1870 - 1937)
Murray Bowen - Original Developers of Mainstream Family Therapy
(1913 - 1990)
Virginia Satir - Developer of Conjoint Family Therapy
*(A human validation process model that emphasizes communication & emotional experiences.)
(1916 - 1988)
Carl Whitaker - Creator of Symbolic-Experiential Family Therapy
(1912 - 1995)
Salvador Minuchin - Developed Structural Family Therapy
Jay Haley - Founded the Washington School of Strategic Family Therapy
(1923 - 2007)
Cloe` Madanes- Contributed to the Development of Brief, Solution-Oriented Therapy Approach
* (The strategic interventions most used were reframing, family directives, & paradoxical interventions.)
To help family members gain awareness of patterns of relationships that are not working well.
To create new ways of interacting.
Key Concepts :
Focus is on communication patterns within a family, both verbal & nonverbal.
Problems in relationships are likely to be passed on from generation to generation.
Functional vs. Dysfunctional Interaction Patterns
Dealing with Here-and-Now Interactions
The present is more important than exploring past experiences.
The family is viewed from an interactive & systematic perspective.
Clients are connected to a living system; a change in one part of the system will result in a change in other parts.
The family provides the context for understanding how individuals function in a relationship to others & how they behave.
Treatment deals with the family unit. An individual's dysfunctional behavior grows out of the interactional unit of the family & out of larger systems as well.
Techniques may be experimental, cognitive, or behavioral in nature.
Joining the Family
Use of Countertransference
Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.