*The Feminist Therapy does not have a single founder.
Jean Baker Miller, MD
Carolyn Zerbe Enns, PhD
Olivia M. Espin, PhD
Laura S. Brown, PhD
To bring about transformation both in the individual client & in society.
To assist clients in recognizing, claiming, & using their personal power to free themselves from the limitations of gender-role socialization.
To confront all forms of institutional policies that discriminate or oppress on any basis.
The main principles are is that the personal is political, therapists have a commitment to social change, women's voices, ways of knowing are valued, & women's experiences are honored.
The counseling relationship is egalitarian, therapy focuses on strengths & a reformulated definition of psychological distress, & all types of oppression are recognized.
The constructs of feminist therapy include being gender fair, flexible, interactionist, & life-span-oriented.
Gender & power are the heart of feminist therapy.
This is a systems approach that recognizes the cultural, social, & political factors that contribute to an individual's problems.
The personal is political.
Commitment to social change.
Women's & girl's voices & ways of knowing are valued & their experiences are honored.
The counseling relationship is egalitarian.
A focus on strengths & a reformulated definition of psychological distress.
All types of oppression are recognized.
Employ consciousness-raising techniques aimed at helping clients recognize the impact of gender-role socialization on their lives.
Gender-role analysis & intervention
Power analysis intervention
Reframing & relabeling
Identifying & challenging untested beliefs
Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.