Monday, June 11, 2012

Cognitive Behavior Therapy


Albert Ellis- Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)


Aaron T. Beck / Judith S. Beck - Cognitive Therapy

(b. 1921)     (b.1954)

Donald Meichenbaum - Cognitive Behavior Therapy

(b. 1940)


  • To teach clients to confront faulty beliefs with contradictory evidence that they gather & evaluate.

  • To help clients seek out their faulty beliefs & minimize them.

  • To become aware of automatic thoughts & to change them.





     Key Concepts:

  •   Although psychological problems may be rooted in childhood, they are reinforced by present ways of thinking.

  • A person's belief system is the primary cause of disorders.

  • Internal dialogue plays a central role in one's behavior. 

  • Clients focus on examining faulty assumptions, misconceptions, & replacing these with effective beliefs.


  • Individuals tend to incorporate faulty thinking, this leads to emotional & behavioral disturbances.

  • Cognitions are the major determinants of how we feel & act.

  • Therapy is primarily oriented toward cognition, behavior, & it stresses the role of thinking, deciding, questioning, doing, & redeciding.

  • This psychoeducational model, emphasizes therapy as a learning process, includes acquiring & practicing new skills, learning new ways to think, & acquiring more effective ways of coping with problems. 


    Other Techniques:

    • Therapists use a variety of cognitive, emotive, & behavioral techniques: diverse methods are tailored to suit individual clients.

    • This therapy is an active, directive, time-limited, present-centered, psychoeducational, & structured.

    • Engage in Socratic dialogue.

    • Collaborative empiricism.

    • Debate irrational beliefs.

    • Carry out homework assignments.

    • Gather data on one's assumptions.

    • Keeps records of activities.

    • Forms alternative interpretations.

    • Learns new coping skills.

    • Changes one's language & thinking patterns.

    • Role-playing

    • Imagery

    • Confronts faulty beliefs

    • Self-instructional training

    • Stress inoculation training

    • Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

    • A-B-C Framework

    • Relapse prevention





    Dr. Donald Meichenbaum



    • Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. 

    • Google Images 

    • YouTube




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