Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Albert Ellis- Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Aaron T. Beck / Judith S. Beck - Cognitive Therapy
(b. 1921) (b.1954)
Donald Meichenbaum - Cognitive Behavior Therapy
To teach clients to confront faulty beliefs with contradictory evidence that they gather & evaluate.
To help clients seek out their faulty beliefs & minimize them.
To become aware of automatic thoughts & to change them.
Although psychological problems may be rooted in childhood, they are reinforced by present ways of thinking.
A person's belief system is the primary cause of disorders.
Internal dialogue plays a central role in one's behavior.
Clients focus on examining faulty assumptions, misconceptions, & replacing these with effective beliefs.
Individuals tend to incorporate faulty thinking, this leads to emotional & behavioral disturbances.
Cognitions are the major determinants of how we feel & act.
Therapy is primarily oriented toward cognition, behavior, & it stresses the role of thinking, deciding, questioning, doing, & redeciding.
This psychoeducational model, emphasizes therapy as a learning process, includes acquiring & practicing new skills, learning new ways to think, & acquiring more effective ways of coping with problems.
Therapists use a variety of cognitive, emotive, & behavioral techniques: diverse methods are tailored to suit individual clients.
This therapy is an active, directive, time-limited, present-centered, psychoeducational, & structured.
Engage in Socratic dialogue.
Debate irrational beliefs.
Carry out homework assignments.
Gather data on one's assumptions.
Keeps records of activities.
Forms alternative interpretations.
Learns new coping skills.
Changes one's language & thinking patterns.
Confronts faulty beliefs
Stress inoculation training
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Dr. Donald Meichenbaum
Corey, G. (2013)..Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (9th ed.,). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.